Úna Newell
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Crime, security and morality
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The Irish Republican Army (IRA) could have emerged as a central organ of resistance. By the end of the civil war the local IRA was in a poor disorganised condition. The army would continue to act as a 'surrogate police force' in the fight against political crime until the establishment of the Special Branch of the Garda Siochana in 1925. Nationally, the upsurge in IRA activity in the late 1920s, the intimidation of jurors and witnesses in political trials, the production of seditious material and the increase in illegal drilling unnerved both the church and the government. James Cosgrave warned that 'a situation without parallel as a threat to the foundations of all authority has arisen'. This was in response to the risk the professed alliance between the IRA and Communists posed to the security of the state.

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The west must wait

County Galway and the Irish Free State 1922–32

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