This chapter explores the important role of local national journalists in international news bureaus in Africa, and asks whether their presence is changing how Africa is depicted around the Western world. The analysis is framed by a newsroom ethnography of the Thomson-Reuters bureau in Nairobi, one of the largest producers of international news on Africa; as well as thirty additional interviews with foreign correspondents and local journalists based in Nairobi. The ethnography reveals that local journalists frequently disagree with Western correspondents about what news should be produced – often desiring a more localised, and positive perspective of their region; in particular, they attempt to challenge the emphasis on tribal conflict and humanitarian suffering. This clash of values offers a springboard to explore the potential ability of local-national journalists to challenge Western reporting modes and shape the content of foreign news. The chapter concludes that a difficult synthesis is taking place: while local perspectives are increasingly included in news stories, resulting in more nuanced local coverage, structural and organisational barriers mean the news continues to be dominated by a Western-centric mode of reporting, particularly in times of crises.
This introduction presents an overview of key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book explores how experiences in Kosovo have changed the discourse of European security. It provides new and stimulating perspectives on how 'Kosovo' has shaped European post-post-Cold War reality. The book aims to contribute to the insecurity of the field of security studies by sidelining the theoretical worldview that underlies mainstream strategic thinking on the Kosovo events. It investigates how 'Kosovo' has developed into this principal paradigmatic sign in the complex text of European security. The book also investigates how its very marginality has emphasised the unravelling fringes and limits of the sovereign presence of what 'Europe' thinks it stands for, and how it affects the discourse on European security.