This conclusion summarises the specific issues, questions and problems raised by this book. In particular, it reflects upon the relationship between memory, subjectivity, and the changing political landscape of the late 1970s and beyond that shaped the stories activists told. It considers Women’s Liberation as a new female political authority on the left that had deep and long-term implications for political, social and emotional life, which continue to raise profound questions for scholars and former activists alike. The final section returns to the question of why young men and women on the left sought new forms of selfhood and ways of relating. It reflects on the way in which private daily struggles over subjectivity related to a mid-century English landscape caught between older political, cultural and social patterns, change and renewal. The result for these young people was for a radical social and cultural scene wrought with contradictions between continuity and discontinuity, and alive with the social and emotional tension these could create for relationships and subjectivity.
This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book attempts to convey the different sociological contexts for how contemporary anarchist theory and practice is to be understood. It concentrates on the issue of broadening the parameters of how anarchist theory and practice is conceptualised. The question of individual liberty and collective needs raises an equally important anarchist principle: equating the means of an action with its ends. The book compares the major philosophical differences and strategies between the classical period and the contemporary anti-capitalist movements. It assesses the viability of libertarian education, a century on from the life and work of Spanish writer and activist Francisco Ferrer and finds considerable evidence for the endurance of these ideals.
This chapter illustrates the importance of broadening the understanding of social anarchism. Social anarchism has shifted its ground as it has embraced some elements of poststructuralist philosophy. This shift in territory from social to poststructuralist anarchism is most noticeable and particularly important at two levels of theory. The first, and the one that underscores the others, is the poststructuralist denunciation of foundationalist discourses or narratives. The second shift in theoretical territory is less pronounced but nonetheless real. The chapter suggests that, when situated alongside the practices of new social movements associated with the anticapitalist protests, the poststructuralist perspective affords insight into how new modes of anarchist practice are emerging. It also highlights how anarchist theory and practice is evolving into something distinct and is, at the same time, nurturing contemporary modes of resistance against traditional social, political and economic forms of oppression.