This chapter introduces the context within which the ‘five techniques’ were used in Northern Ireland. Its main focus is how and why these techniques came to be used there. It was the military’s interrogation experts and policy-makers’ belief that the ‘five techniques’ would improve the effectiveness of interrogation, that led to the use of the techniques in Northern Ireland. The policy-makers who were involved in this decision are identified in this chapter. Details are also given of the form the techniques took.
This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume, which is about the connection between the United Nations' (UN) evolving approach to intra-state conflicts and the value system of the international community. This study takes issue with the relatively reductionist explanations of what the UN is and how it relates to peace and security. It explores the interest-norm complexes within which the cases in the Congo, Cyprus, Angola, and Cambodia were handled by the UN. This volume shows how relevant actors' normative preferences were resolved in specific peacekeeping environments where the UN was especially active in addressing intra-state conflicts.