This chapter explores the competing interpretations by examining the nature of the educational system in Northern Ireland and evaluating its consequences for community contact. Using authors' extensive collection of public opinion surveys, it addresses the key question of whether or not integrated education has a significant long-term effect on the outlooks and behaviour of the adult population. The chapter outlines the evolution of the educational system in Northern Ireland. It focuses on the nature and growth of integrated education, and examines public support for integrated education and its party political dimensions. The chapter deals with patterns of schooling among the adult population, and discusses the consequences of type of education system, integrated or segregated, on cross-community contact within the adult population. It evaluates the role of integrated education on community relations.