This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book analyses of Northern Ireland politics remain convinced as to the suitability of consociationalism in resolving deep-seated ethnic divisions. It deals with the conflict of 1969; there had been at least six failed attempts before the Belfast Agreement was finally reached in 1998. The book argues that Catholic support for maintaining the link with Britain has increased considerably during the post-Agreement period. Political stability is also compromised by the sharp polarization in political identity. It shows that the human costs of political violence in terms of deaths and paramilitary attacks have all but ceased since 1998. The book investigates a number of important implications for post-conflict peace-building agendas based on consociational models of governance.