Chapter 3
in Gothic effigy
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In the latter half of the twelfth century, monumental Gothic sculpture proliferated on the façades and around portals of cathedrals, with column statues carved from the same blocks as the columns themselves. The proliferation of multifarious Goth and Gothic dark-themed statuary has its origin both in graveyard statuary and the macabre figurines featured in some household collections and cabinets of curiosity. Some commentators on Mark Porter's statue of Baphomet have claimed the work as libertarian, individualist and Gothic. Early humanoid automata appear in the Medieval works that authors of the literary Gothic wished to emulate and pastiche. Ceroplastic studio was established at the Imperio Museo di Fisica e Storia Naturale or 'Le Specola', which resulted in one of the most comprehensive and medically accurate collections of wax simulacra of the human body. Alexandre Bustillo and Julien Maury's Livide intersperses the iconography of human taxidermy with automata and vampirism.

Gothic effigy

A guide to dark visibilities

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