Mussolini as monument
The equestrian statue of the Duce at the Littoriale Stadium in Bologna
in The cult of the Duce
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The history of Giuseppe Graziosi's monumental statue will show the extent to which portraits of the Duce became invested with the halo attributed to Benito Mussolini himself. Graziosi explored traditional perspective, and, as far as sculpture is concerned, he went back to the late sixteenth century as well as to earlier sculptors such as Jacopo della Quercia. The Il Resto del Carlino was complemented by a photograph of the equestrian statue in place at the Littoriale stadium, which both reminded the Bolognese people of the events of the day. With reference to the image of Mussolini, Laura Malvano maintains that while mass culture was suited to spread the cult of the Duce, high culture painting and sculpture was used to convey metaphors of Italianness.

The cult of the Duce

Mussolini and the Italians

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