Women, the family and sexuality
in Women in the Weimar Republic
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This chapter explores woman's role within the family, primarily as wife and mother, the impact of the changes in family and population policy and attitudes towards female sexuality, both heterosexual and homosexual. Article 119 of the Weimar Constitution of 11 August 1919 pro-claimed that marriage, as the foundation of the family and of the preservation and reproduction of the nation, was based on the equality of the sexes. One reason for the growing acceptance of contraception was the belief that it was preferable to abortion, which, according to Usborne, was the most prevalent form of birth control for many working-class and lower middle-class women. A more radical change in attitudes towards women was to be found in the Law for Combating Venereal Diseases of February 1927. The newly open and relaxed atmosphere of the Weimar Republic permitted a vibrant lesbian sub-culture in many cities.


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