Frederick Pollard saw the Henrician Reformation as the culmination of the long struggle between spiritual and temporal powers in England. The field of historical studies in Britain had undergone profound changes since 1902, in no small part due to Pollard's own endeavours. The English Reformation, A.G. Dickens's general history looked at the respective roles of Henry VIII and Thomas Cromwell from a somewhat different perspective. Historians in the twentieth century had previously denied that England's monarchy was a despotism. Geoffrey Elton produced a plethora of scholarly monographs and learned articles which contributed to the debate on the Reformation. These included The Tudor Constitution: Documents and Commentary, The Tudor Revolution in Government and England under The Tudors. For Elton, who was prone to see sixteenth-century men and women through twentieth-century or even nineteenth-century spectacles, religion was often ignored as a factor of importance.