Kenya and Zanzibar, pre-1945
in Colonial naval culture and British imperialism, 1922–67
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The first British colonial naval force in East Africa briefly appeared in the Central African Protectorate, present-day Malawi, at the end of the nineteenth century. Public pressure on the legislature resulted in the Kenya Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve (KRNVR) finally being established as part of the 1933 Kenya and Uganda Defence Scheme. Inadequate government funding led the KRNVR to seek financial support elsewhere. As in Kenya, rival European interests not indigenous inhabitants posed a greater impediment to Zanzibar's naval defence and war effort. To increase their operational efficiency, the C-in-C East Indies in January 1941 recommended that the KRNVR, Zanzibar Naval Volunteer Force (ZNVF) and Tanganyika NVF be amalgamated for combined operations directed from Mombasa. The situation was charged by the wartime influx of human traffic caused by Mombasa's status as East Africa's preeminent port, which destabilised the colony's racial order.

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