Ana E. Juncos
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The institutionalisation of EU foreign and security policy
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Chapter 2 examines the process of institutionalisation that has unfolded since the establishment of European Political Cooperation (EPC) in the late 1960s. The chapter shows that the institutionalisation of the EU’s foreign and security policy has increased over time as shown by the establishment and development of bureaucratic organisations, formal rules and the informal norms shared among policymakers. Second, this institutionalisation process developed by default rather than design. In this regard, path dependency, unintended consequences and learning have become key driving forces behind the institutionalisation of the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). This chapter also sheds light on how political conflict (that between supranationalists and intergovernmentalists) shaped the institutional development of the EU’s foreign and security policy since its early days. Having embarked upon an intergovernmental path at the outset, successive reforms failed to communitarise this policy. However, because of unintended consequences and institutional legacies, the resulting institutional outcome – a hybrid mode between intergovernmentalism and supranationalism – differed from that originally foreseen by its designers, the member states.

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