Ana E. Juncos
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The EU’s intervention in the aftermath of the war
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Chapter 5 explores the intervention of the European Union (EU) in the aftermath of the war. During this period, the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) was characterised by a low level of activity, a continuation of past initiatives and a secondary role in Bosnia in comparison with Community activities and the operations of international organisations such as the United Nations (UN) or NATO. The EU could be best characterised during this period as a civilian power. This chapter begins with an examination of the EU’s civilian administration in Mostar (EUAM). Greater effectiveness of the CFSP was evident from this case study. However, institutional turf wars, as well as problems of strategy and political obstructionism, undermined this initiative. A non-decision on military intervention is then examined. This case study best exemplifies the (self-imposed) paralysis of the CFSP during this period and the consensus among the member states that the EU should not resort to the use of military instruments. The crisis in Kosovo in 1998–99 triggered changes in the EU’s approach towards Bosnia with the launch of the Stability Pact, but time and institutional constraints meant this initiative did not significantly improve levels of coherence and effectiveness.

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EU Foreign and Security Policy in Bosnia

The politics of coherence and effectiveness

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