John Throgmorton Middlemore's Children's Emigration Homes in Birmingham, which operated from 1872 to 1972, placed children as soon as possible in selected foster homes, a practice widely recommended for disadvantaged children after the Second World War. The Middlemore Child Emigration Programme was neither the first nor largest of the child migration schemes, but it is unique in that a substantial quantity of its internal organisational and personal records has been preserved intact. Middlemore's first operational base was the Newsboys Lodgings in Toronto but in 1874, the Guthrie Home in London, Ontario, became the Canadian headquarters. Emigration was resumed soon after the First World War with the first group of ninety Middlemore children sent to Canada in May 1919. The post-Second World War period was a new era. Several acts and reports in Great Britain and the dominions had a significant impact on child migration.