This chapter explores the origins of the concept of multiculturalism by comparing official rhetoric about 'new' Commonwealth immigration during the 1950s and 1960s with the social policies introduced by the government. Multiculturalism concept is provided for the welfare of West Indian, Indian, Pakistani and later Bangladeshi immigrants. The chapter provides an overview of immigration trends in Britain 1945-62, before comparing and contrasting British and French approaches to integration. It provides the government immigration policy in Britain, drawing out the tensions that existed between domestic political pressures and the management of Commonwealth relations. The chapter focuses on the introduction of restrictive immigration legislation and the measures introduced to integrate 'new' Commonwealth immigrants and tackle racial discrimination, and the interplay between them. It describes the contemporary British immigration policy comprising border controls, the promotion of integration and anti-discrimination legislation.