A revolution in two stages
The curiosity of the Bulgarian case
in The 1989 Revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe
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The Bulgarian revolution, as a fundamental change of the political, social and economic order, occurred in two stages. The first was marked by an overhaul of the political system. The second cleared the way for the restructuring of the economy and state social provision. This chapter explores the peculiarities of the Bulgarian experience of 1989 and of the painful transition from communism to pluralism using this model of a two-stage revolution. At the beginning of 1989, encouraged by the actions of the newly born movements of dissident intellectuals, the Bulgarian Turks expressed their discontent with the forcible name changes undertaken four years earlier. An organised opposition in Bulgaria emerged only in 1988, when Soviet perestroika entered its radical glasnost phase. The negative electoral campaign of the opposition, based on the western model, was not to the Bulgarian people's taste.

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