The Soviet Union and Israel
From the Gromyko declaration to the death of Stalin (1947–53)
in The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab– Israeli conflict, 1948– 67
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Communist ideology negated Zionism's legitimacy, which did not bode well for lomg-term Soviet-Israeli relations. Even in short-term policies the relations were bound to explode because of Israel's pressure for Jewish emigration. Under Stalin's order the the Soviet-Jewish writer Ilya Ehrenburg repudiated the existence of Jewish nation. Soviet realpolitik granted greater credence to the strategic assets of the Arab world. Israel's 'non-identification' policy of neutrality counted very little with Soviet Middle Eastern policy. The turning-point was the Korean war, in which Israel identified itself with the US policy of military intervention. Relations exploded in 1953 after Israeli extremists blew up the Soviet embassyand the Kremlin severed relations. Moreover, American economic aid to Israel in 1949 was interpreted by Moscow as evidence of Israel's western orientation. Stalin's anti-Semitism reached its peak in the Prague and Doctors trials.

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