The United States and the Cold War
From Truman to Eisenhower (1948– 53)
in The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab– Israeli conflict, 1948– 67
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This chapter shows the change in America's attitude towards Israel, from opposition to de jure recognition of Israel's military capabilities for the west during ther Korean war. While in 1948 secretary of state General Marshall warned against an enduring conflict with the Arabs, Truman recognized it de facto. However, the state department continued to treart Israel as a liability. Henry Byroade claimed that Israel should not be the homeland of the Jewish people. Israel was left outside of strategic western alliances because it was assumed that its membership might push the Arabs towards the Soviet Union. The notion that Truman's administration was pro-Israel is a myth. Although Truman himself was sympathetic, the State Department and the Pentagon did not consider Israel an asset.

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