Sharett versus Eisenhower and Dulles (1953– 56)
in The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab– Israeli conflict, 1948– 67
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Israel was now trapped between East and West. The East openly and fully supported the Arabs, while the west stood aloof, except for France which supplied Israel with a minimum of necessary weapons. However, Israel knew that what it needed was a security guarantee from the most powerful western power. Yet, the new administration in America, headed by President Eisenhower, was not favourable to Israel. The new secretary of state, John Foster Dulles, wanted to build a regional alliance based on Turkey and the Arab states. Although he discovered that the majority Arab states were unwilling to join a western alliance, he was far from agreeing to Israel's need for deterrence. Together with the British he planned to reduce Israel's territory and to convince it to accept some of the Palestinian refugees (the Alpha plan). The Czech-Egyptian arms deal did not change American policy in Israel's favour.

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