Israel and the United States on the road to war (November 1955–November 1956)
in The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab– Israeli conflict, 1948– 67
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This chapter is dominated by John Foster Dulles, who navigated America's foreign relations. His main idea was to prevent the Middle East from becoming a third cold war front, in addition to the Far East and western Europe. Israel , however, rejecting Dulles demand for border concessions, continued to press the US for a security guarantee, although its chances for implementation were nil. Israel's retaliatory acts against Jordan reduced US confidence in Israel's strategic requirements. Anderson's mission to Israel ended in failure, since Israel could not concede its basic interests. Israel's attack on Egypt in cooperation with France and Britain rook the US bu surprise, but America acted immediately punish Israel by imposing financial sanctions. The failure of the Suez campaign left Israel with more isolated, and in danger that the Soviet-Arab combination, along with American apathy, might threaten its very existence.


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