The Eisenhower Doctrine and Israel (November 1956–January 1958)
in The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab– Israeli conflict, 1948– 67
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Israel security remained a pawn of the superpowers' rivalry even after its military victory in the campaign. However, if it had not won either political or a diplomatic victory. The Eisenhower administration was haunted by the nightmare of losing the middle East to the Soviets which would deny the west vital Arab oil. Consequently, the US pressed Israel to withdraw from Sinai, to the extent of threatening economic sanctions. The Soviet Union could punish Israel by trying to expel it from the UN. Israel's government , particularly Ben-Gurion, said that the withdrawal from the Sinai peninsula, the straits of Tiran and the Gaza strips should be conditioned on a strong security arrangement. Israel had no choice but to succumb to the pressures of the superpowers.


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