Soviet–Israeli relations after the Suez War (1956–61)
in The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab– Israeli conflict, 1948– 67
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The aftermath of the Sinai campaign found Israel increasingly fearful the Soviets would fulfil their threats, while Israel was without any security guarantee from the west. Ben-Gurion explained to western leaders including De Galle, that Khrushchev was serious in his threats against Israel and the west in general. Khrushchev believed capitalism was doomed and that communism would dominate the world. In addition, anti-Semitism was prevalent both in the Kremlin and the country at large. Khrushchev denial was merely a lip service. The Israeli government was afraid lest Khrushchev tried to either assimilate the Soviet Jews or expel them to Birobidzhan. Ben-Gurion was particularly frightened by the implications for Israel's security of the successful launching of the Soviet Sputnik. He appreciated that the USSR had supplied Egypt with a nuclear reactor as well as missiles.

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