How the Middle East crises affected US policy toward Israel (1958–60)
in The United States, the Soviet Union and the Arab– Israeli conflict, 1948– 67
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The year 1956 witnessed serious crises in the Middle East which had a direct influence on Israel's security. The unity of Egypt and Syria (UAR), the coup in Iraq, and the danger to Lebanon's independence and Nasser's possible takeover of Jordan all had a direct bearing on Israel's survival. The establishment of UAR in particular haunted Ben-Gurion, who feared that the complete encirclement of Israel was in the offing. Thus in view of Soviet enmity, Israel again looked tyo the US to improve its deterrent capability. However, the Eisenhower administration was still trapped in the nightmare of the Arab Middle East joining the Soviet bloc, should America become Israel's patron. Ben-Gurion's visit to America proved that the administration had not changed its basic strategy. Ben-Gurion failed to get a stronger commitment than the Eisenhower doctrine for the territorial integrity of all the states in the region.


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