This chapter discusses some of the key facts around gender-based violence (GBV) in the Yugoslav wars. The Bosnian conflict was the first conflict with widespread use of GBV and forced impregnation alerting the world to rape as a weapon of war. The chapter explores a specific aspect of the child born of war (CBOW) discourse, namely that of children's rights within the context of the wider human rights issues affecting the children's immediate environment. The Balkan Wars were the first conflict that took place after the signing of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). All principles of the CRC can come into conflict with the local and regional cultural practices, and some such practices 'command even more legitimacy than the universal standards for the protection of children'.