Unintended consequences …
in Children born of war in the twentieth century
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The United Nations as an organisation is tasked with the maintenance of peace and security, a tenet that should underscore the entirety of its operations. UN includes peacekeeping missions, and should guide all its personnel, including all its soldiers, at all levels. Sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) among peacekeepers have been widely reported and studies both within and beyond the UN have recognised this issue as a serious and wide-spread problem. Sexual relations between peacekeepers and local populations are either sexual exploitation or sexual abuse. The zero-tolerance policy of the UN to some critics is 'overinclusive' in its prohibition of sexual relations and thereby deprives women who are engaged in survival sex economies of their livelihoods. However, the situation of peace babies may be more diverse, complex and even contradictory than that of the children of genocidal rape.

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