The domestic and international roles of Irish overseas colleges, 1590–1800
in College communities abroad
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It is unfortunate that the emergence of the Irish college network in Europe followed the council of Trent and its 1563 decree on clerical education, Cum adolescentium aetas. In line with recent developments in the history of migration, this chapter highlights the agency of specific migrant groups. The chapter describes the domestic as well as international factors that shaped their actions, plumbing the motivation and tracing the activities of groups most involved in the colleges' origins. A decade after the first Irish student names begin to appear in European university registers, a small number of Irish bishops start to feature in contemporary European records. These were papal bishops displaced by Anglican appointees who began to pass through Portuguese and Spanish ports, initially in transit to or from Rome. After 1560, the appointment of Anglican bishops in Ireland gradually deprived papal bishops of their sees and associated incomes.

College communities abroad

Education, migration and Catholicism in early modern Europe

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