The Maronite college in early modern Rome
Between the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Letters
in College communities abroad
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The Maronite college, founded by Pope Gregory XIII in 1584, was one of a number of 'national' colleges created in Rome in the early modern period. It was intended to accommodate young Maronite Christians, who were near-eastern Catholics of the ancient patriarchate of Antioch, and lived in Arabic provinces of the Ottoman Empire, under Islamic jurisdictions. After the Council of Trent, and especially during the pontificate of Gregory XIII, the Roman Catholic Church, partly in response to the reformers, mounted a remarkable world-wide missionary operation. In 1622, Pope Gregory XV created the Congregation of Propaganda Fide, a ministry of the Roman curia charged with the jurisdiction of missionary activities in non-Catholic jurisdictions. The educative project of the Maronite college, explained in a memorandum of the eighteenth century, had two objectives: students were to practise Christian piety and learn the soundest human sciences.

College communities abroad

Education, migration and Catholicism in early modern Europe

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