College communities abroad

Education, migration and Catholicism in early modern Europe

Liam Chambers
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Thomas O’Connor
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From the mid-sixteenth century, Catholics from Protestant jurisdictions established colleges for the education and formation of students in more hospitable Catholic territories abroad. This book draws attention to similarities between colleges which developed in familiar patterns, faced parallel challenges and served analogous functions. One of the more significant developments in university historiography since the 1960s has been the increasing attention devoted to the student experience, an elaboration of the 'history from below' approach which has been so influential in social history. The Collegium Germanicum in Rome was the first abroad college established for the formation of Catholic students from territories under the authority of Protestant reformers. The college opened in the late summer of 1552, the result of an initiative spearheaded by Cardinal Giovanni Morone and the Society of Jesus. The book examines the educational strategies employed by Dutch Catholics, who faced challenges closely related to those of their confessional colleagues across the North Sea. It argues that through the colleges specific Catholic communities in Ireland preserved and sometimes strengthened not only their domestic position but also their transnational and international interests. The book inspects a central issue for all abroad colleges: the role of the college-trained clergy who returned to the domestic churches. Overviewing the Scots, the book addresses the political significance of the colleges, in particular through their relationships to the Stuart monarchy. A study of the Maronite college in Rome uncovers the decisive role played by papal politics, curial interests and, later, Propaganda Fide.

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‘College Communities Abroad offers an impressive collection of essays that provide new insight into the nature of Catholic colleges founded by migrants from Protestant states.
History of Education

‘This handsomely produced collection of eight essays by established and new scholars based in Ireland, England, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Scotland and Switzerland makes a very important contribution towards advancing our understanding of these college communities. The editors are to be credited with producing a publication that eschews particularism and instead, for the first time, reflects on the history of Irish, English and Scots colleges alongside that of Dutch, Scandinavian and Maronite institutions.
Archivum Romanum Societatis Iesu
February 2020

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