Between refugees and the state
Hungarian Jewry and the wartime Jewish refugee crisis in Austria- Hungary
in Europe on the move
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This chapter focuses on interactions between the Jewish refugees, Hungarian Jews, and the Hungarian state administration. It highlights questions relevant to the evolution and contours of antisemitism in Hungary, and to the perceptions and self-understanding of the Jewish population within Hungarian society. In organising the movement of Jewish refugees arriving in Hungary, the state was primarily concerned with citizenship, then wealth and health. The Hungarian administration's policy toward refugees with Hungarian citizenship underscores the primacy of state belonging in connection with refugee aid. In the rare cases where the Minister of the Interior granted right of residency, accepted applications demonstrated useful employment in the war industry, no record of having collected state aid, and critically, good hygiene. Refugees whose residency applications were rejected left in a series of transports headed either for repatriation or temporary resettlement in Bohemia and Moravia.

Europe on the move

Refugees in the era of the Great War


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