From imperial dreams to the refugee problem
Population movements during Greece’s ‘decade of war’, 1912–22
in Europe on the move
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The twentieth century came to be known as the century of the refugee, with the Great War marking the beginning of decades of forced human mobility. This chapter explores the dynamics of the Balkan War in the case of the modern Greek state. It describes the ferment in Ottoman society associated with ideas of nationalism during the nineteenth century. The chapter also describes how this process caused the important population mobility connected to an early attribution of a national identity and the forging of bonds among communities of the Ottoman population with different ethnic communities. It focuses on national antagonisms in the region during the early twentieth century and the turning point of the Balkan Wars. The chapter also focuses on the Great War and the eventual 'nationalisation' of the former Ottoman Empire.

Europe on the move

Refugees in the era of the Great War

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