This chapter examines the role of music in the reform culture of middle-class liberals such as Hugh Reginald Haweis and John Pyke Hullah. London's South Place Chapel and Melbourne's Australian Church, was both an eschewal of orthodoxy, dogma and creed replaced by openness and inclusiveness in outlook, and a vibrant musical culture. Music and Morals, as noted by Dave Russell, became 'the classic Victorian text on music and social reform'. Haweis is but one of many examples of individuals who combined progressive political and social tendencies with a strong interest in music and a belief in its power to shape human behaviour. It is well known that the nineteenth century saw profound shifts in religious belief brought about by what has been generally understood as the Victorian crisis of faith.