This chapter considers implications for Victorian Studies suggested by recent developments in world literatures and globalisation studies. It focuses on the global scope of Victorian literature as an actant in world affairs, as in processes of liberalisation, democratisation, and trade. The chapter draws on multilingual collaborators including The Global Circulation Project and an interdisciplinary research centre: Egenis, The Centre for the Study of Life Sciences. It argues that the intercultural transvaluation of actants and ideas associated with Victorian Britain is central to the development of Victorian Studies in global contexts and other disciplines concerned with globalisation, transculturation, and liberalisation. As we approach the nuanced notions of freedom, individuals, rights, and responsibilities in translation, Victorianists must defer to linguists in specific area studies. Yet as we study the process of transculturation, we may conclude with the idea of human underdetermination, a productive articulation of nineteenth-century western philosophy.