From the persecution of Kinyarwanda speakers in Uganda to the genocide of Rwandan Tutsis
in Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings
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In the first chapter, we look at the years 1980 to 1994, which are divided into four periods and start with the provision of aid to Rwandan Tutsi exiles in Uganda during the 1980s. We then examine how MSF, between October 1990 and April 1994, delivered assistance to people internally displaced within Rwanda after fleeing the military advance of Tutsi exiles (led by the Rwandan Patriotic Front) and to the 260,000 Burundian refugees living in camps as of October 1993. Next we look at the period of the genocide and the medical assistance the organisation provided – during which time more than 200 of MSF’s Rwandan employees were executed. And to finish, we analyse the call for armed intervention in Rwanda and, more specifically, the French military operation launched mainly in southwest Rwanda in June 1994.

Humanitarian aid, genocide and mass killings

Médecins Sans Frontières, the Rwandan experience, 1982– 97


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