From metropolitan to colonial planning
Dakar between garden city and cité-jardin
in Garden cities and colonial planning
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This chapter focuses on garden city expressions in French Dakar – a chief colonising pole in West Africa and a federal capital (1902-1960), which served as a model space. It expands on differences and similarities in the conception and realisation of garden city schemes from late nineteenth-century Britain to early twentieth-century France in terms of cité-jardin. This is in order to examine the meaning of the transnational process of the dissemination of planning ideas into the colonial situation and environment. This chapter shows that in interwar Dakar (Senegal), the practical and terminological usages of the cité-jardin served mainly to create a prestigious image for the designated residential quarters of administrative employees. As a result, unofficial class segregation within the expatriate society was created as was unofficial racial segregation between the coloniser and the colonised populations.

Garden cities and colonial planning

Transnationality and urban ideas in Africa and Palestine

Editors: Liora Bigon and Yossi Katz

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