Garden cities and suburbs in Palestine
The case of Tel Aviv
in Garden cities and colonial planning
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Zionist historiography, this chapter argues, has often referred to Ahuzat Bayit (the Jaffa neighbourhood from which Tel Aviv developed) as a unique phenomenon. Placing these ‘unique phenomenon’ within the context of universal ideas and trends, this chapter connects between the early garden city variations in England (1904, 1906) and Ahuzat Bayit (1909), which was termed a ‘garden neighbourhood’. On the outskirts of Jaffa, this neighbourhood was established as a suburb with middle-class aspirations, including class, ideological, and ethnic segregation following European middle-class suburbs and colonial models of separate residential areas for Europeans and the native population. However, local conditions and mechanisms for its establishment, in addition to concepts of the early Zionist movement which shared a similar ideological platform with the garden city movement, transformed Ahuzat Bayit into a unique local model for the diffusion of suburban life in Palestine. This chapter considers therefore the contradictions between universal models and local conditions. This is by explaining how application of the universal message of the garden city movement to the physical model of Ahuzat Bayit created a guiding principle for all Jewish urban development in Palestine from 1909 until the end of British Mandatory rule in 1948, and afterwards.

Garden cities and colonial planning

Transnationality and urban ideas in Africa and Palestine

Editors: Liora Bigon and Yossi Katz
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