Sarah Browne
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Finding their anger in consciousness-raising
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As in the USA and Europe, consciousness-raising (CR) groups became the key entree for most women who 'joined' the women's liberation movement (WLM) in Scotland in the 1970s. This chapter describes the roots, locations and operation of individual CR groups throughout Scotland. By analysing the practice of CR and looking at the debates and discussions of local groups, the way the WLM developed and operated can be better understood. The theory of CR was first developed in the 1960s by women's liberation activists involved in the New York radical feminist group called Redstockings. The centrality of anger to CR discussions meant that women's liberation theory and practice differed from other women's groups, placing more emphasis on liberation and the personal and emotional aspects of politicisation. In the early days CR was warmly welcomed and widely adopted by women's liberation groups throughout the United Kingdom.

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