Introduction
in Chronicles of the Revolution, 1397–1400
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Richard II's deposition of the throne was arguably the most portentous event in the political history of late medieval England. The real driving forces behind the thirty-year truce of 1396 were, on the English side, Richard II and John of Gaunt, and on the French side, Charles VI and his Uncle Philip duke of Burgundy. Of the three most substantial contemporary chronicles which cover the earlier part of Richard's reign, two cease before 1397: namely the Westminster Chronicle, which ends in 1394, and the Chronicon Henrici Knighton, which peters out in 1395. Fortunately, the third, the Chronica Maiora of Thomas Walsingham, continues through the revolution of 1399 and well beyond, right up to 1420. The chronicle, Traison et Mort covers the years 1397-1400, and was originally written at about the same time as the 'Metrical History', that is, in 1401-1402.

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