Historical introduction
in Christian dualist heresies in the Byzantine world c. 650–c. 1450
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This introduction provides an overview of the origins of Christian dualism, the Paulicians, the Bogomils and the translated sources. Christian dualism formed a very important dissenting tradition in the Orthodox world of Byzantium for 800 years, and in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries was to spread to western Europe, where its adherents were known as Cathars. All the sources for the study of Paulicianism were written by their religious opponents, apart from some extracts from the letters of their leader Sergius-Tychicus, which are quoted by Peter of Sicily, and some statements made by Paulicians which are recorded in other Orthodox sources.


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