Rethinking evolution
in The extended self
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This chapter opens with a brief explanation of Darwin's original theory and subsequent key developments that laid the foundations for neo-Darwinism and the related theories that followed. It then proceeds to outline several alternative approaches that help to fill in some of the gaps in Bernard Stiegler's account of the evolution of technics itself. These range from new biological perspectives on the different factors influencing hereditary characteristics, to more general theories of evolution applicable to both organic and social systems. Theories of emergence and self-organization, or 'autopoiesis' as it is now known, meaning 'self-producing,' have also attracted increasing attention as offering alternative approaches to evolutionary theory, applicable to both natural and artificial phenomena. John Mingers also helpfully clarifies Francisco J. Varela's concept of the self and embodied cognition as related aspects of what he describes as the 'enactive paradigm' to which autopoietic systems belong.

The extended self

Architecture, memes and minds

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