Football as a business
in The emergence of footballing cultures
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This chapter highlights the growth of the professional game and supporting industries. The establishment of the Football League in 1888 had provided the conurbation’s clubs with examples of what could be achieved, and during the period considered in this chapter Manchester’s football clubs became more business-like, focusing on national competition and increased income. The first steps towards establishing soccer as a key component of Mancunian life were taken, while the relaunch of Ardwick as Manchester City demonstrated how the sporting landscape of the conurbation was moving towards one that would be recognisable to a modern audience. Considering Manchester City’s history in longue durée terms, the club became established in its present form in 1894 as a club to represent Manchester. Over several transformational periods it grew, found success, suffered hardships, moved twice and changed ownership, but it remains in essence the same football club performing its same role in Manchester society as it has always done.

The emergence of footballing cultures

Manchester, 1840–1919


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