In contemporary scholarship the notion of biopolitics is typically associated with the late work of Michel Foucault. This chapter argues that Arendt provides resources for biopolitical analysis that are lacking in Foucault. It begins by mapping the overlaps and divergences between Foucault and Arendt’s views on biopolitics, linking these to their respective use of other key concepts (such as essence, telos, and power). It then highlights how Arendt’s attention to technological conditioning puts the production of technologised subjects at the heart of modern biopolitics. The chapter ends by stressing how such a view provides for a form of biopolitical analysis that concerns more than mere governmental management or administration.