Introduction
in Anarchism, 1914–18
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This introduction presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book looks closely at the bitter dispute over intervention between two of European anarchism's most important figures, both marooned in British exile, Peter Kropotkin and Errico Malatesta, which split the global anarchist movement in 1914. It examines the politics of internationalism and anti-militarism in order to explain this division and consider how it contributed to the reshaping of post-war anarchist politics. The book shows how the combination of war and revolution brought well-honed anarchist conceptions of violence, state power and mutual aid into sharp relief, stimulating new approaches to resistance, transformation and social relationships that were shaped by anti-militarism. Antimilitarists were divided in their ethical responses to war. Some linked anti-militarism to pacifism while others, like Karl Liebknecht, called for the creation of a citizen army.

Anarchism, 1914–18

Internationalism, anti-militarism and war

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