Malatesta and the war interventionist debate 1914–17
From the ‘Red Week’ to the Russian revolutions
in Anarchism, 1914–18
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This chapter examines Errico Malatesta's position on intervention in the First World War. The background to the debate is the anti-militarist and anti-dynastic uprising which occurred in Italy in June 1914 (La Settimana Rossa) in which Malatesta was a key actor. But with the events of July and August 1914, the alliance of socialists, republicans, syndicalists and anarchists was rent asunder in Italy as elements of this coalition supported intervention on the side of the Entente and the disavowal of Italy's treaty obligations under the Triple Alliance. Malatesta's dispute with Peter Kropotkin provides a focus for the anti-interventionist campaigns he fought internationally, in London and in Italy. The chapter concludes by examining Malatesta's discussions of the unintended outcomes of world war and the challenges and opportunities that the fracturing of the antebellum world posed for the international anarchist movement.

Anarchism, 1914–18

Internationalism, anti-militarism and war

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