Bert Altena
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‘No man and no penny’
Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis, anti-militarism and the pportunities of the First World War
in Anarchism, 1914–18
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This chapter describes Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis's ideas and activities during the war in the context of his anti-militarism which started in the early 1870s. It focuses on his efforts to revive anti-militarist resistance in the Netherlands and internationally, situating these efforts in the context of the divisions in the international anarchist movement. At the international socialist congresses of Brussels and Zurich Domela Nieuwenhuis clashed with his German comrades over measures to prevent the outbreak of war. Anti-militarism was the hallmark of internationalism, he explained. Germany had been almost impervious to anarchist ideas, but if German workers were to rise then their comrades in other countries would follow their example. However, if the revolution were to start in France, the consequences would be disastrous: the Germans would repeat what they had done in 1871, crushing the revolutionaries and revolution in general.

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Anarchism, 1914–18

Internationalism, anti-militarism and war


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