Maoist imaginaries in Latin American art
in Art, Global Maoism and the Chinese Cultural Revolution
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The social inequalities and dictatorial regimes of Latin America also fostered diverse and powerful Maoist movements. Ana Longoni focuses on several case studies to analyse the impact of Maoism in Argentina, Colombia and Peru. In the case of the artist Juan Carlos Castagnino, who is often considered to be the official painter of the Argentinian Communist Party, she emphasises how his relationship with China informed both his politics and his practice. She also compares the Argentinian artist Diana Dowek and the Colombian Clemencia Lucena in relation to the theories developed by the Argentinian writer Ricardo Piglia, who was close to Maoist positions in the 1970s. The subsequent case studies presented concern the Colombian art group Taller 4 Rojo, which developed a wide range of pedagogical projects, and the ‘Black Folder’ created by the Peruvian collective Taller NN, whose subversion of the image of Mao was considered to be unacceptable by Maoists and anti-Maoists alike in the violent context of Peru.

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