This chapter explores some issues concerning social memory, commemoration, and the social construction of contemporary identities in the urban arena. It examines the production and iconography of two exhibitionary events (1929 Iberoamerican Fair and Expo '92) in twentieth-century Seville. The chapter illuminates the complex connections between debates about the location of Spanish culture, definitions of 'Spanishness' and the recasting of the legacy of Spanish imperialism. The construction of national space and time at the fair was augmented by representations of Spain's overseas colonies, both past and present. The 1929 Iberoamerican Fair and Expo '92 reconfigured the meanings of empire at two distinct post-imperial moments in Spanish history. The cultural politics of these commemorative events was irreducibly bound up with that of Seville itself as a pivotal site in national self-imagination.