John M. MacKenzie
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‘The Second City of the Empire’
Glasgow – imperial municipality
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The chapter demonstrates how Glasgow had become, and could remain, 'the first municipality in the world and the second city of the British Empire'. Although population was often used as the principal, and in some respects most dubious, criterion, the municipal claim could also be based on the degree of economic integration into the imperial enterprise. Indeed, few cities were as closely connected with imperial commerce as Glasgow, both in historical contexts and, particularly, in terms of the mature empire economy of the later nineteenth century. From the eighteenth century onwards, the Glasgow economy was strikingly diversified. Analyses of Glasgow's class differentiation similarly need to adopt the spatial, social and cultural perspectives of internal colonialism. The traditional emphasis on Glasgow's industries was repeated, and it is perhaps not surprising that there were pilgrimages of Scottish Americans as well as parties of New Zealanders to the exhibition.

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Imperial cities

Landscape, display and identity


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