Shurlee Swain
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Margot Hillel
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A new orthodoxy in child protection practice
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J.J. Kelso shared with his fellow child rescuers the belief that all contact between the child and its parents should be brought to an end. However, increasingly, this orthodoxy came to be challenged both from poor law officials and the institutions, which had always created a greater space for parents to continue to take some responsibility for their children. Kelso insisted that his Children's Aid Societies followed a similar practice of Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (SPCC), aiming to preserve the home wherever possible. Ontario's first response to Kelso's agitation was the 1888 Children's Protection Act, which required local authorities to assume maintenance costs of wards and facilitated the use of foster care. By the early years of the twentieth century local authorities were setting standards in child care which voluntary societies struggled to meet.

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Child, nation, race and empire

Child rescue discourse, England, Canada and Australia, 1850–1915


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