This chapter deals with elections and the performances of the Australian Labour Party (ALP) and the British Labour Party (BLP) in the elections. It compares and contrasts continuities, changes, similarities and differences in Labour and anti-Labour attitudes and policies towards the factors of empire, nation, race and class at particular electoral points in time over the past century. Labour's record of electoral performance between 1900 and the present day may usefully be broken down into four chronological periods. From 1900 to the time of World War One; from 1917 in Australia and 1918 in Britain to 1939; from the era of World War Two to the late 1970s; and from the latter to the present. In Britain the Labour Party's electoral record was far less impressive. The chapter presents three core arguments concerning the influences of nation, empire, race and class upon Labour's electoral performance.