Missionary schools and the reform of ‘African time’
in The colonisation of time
Abstract only
Log-in for full text

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

manchesterhive requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals - to see content that you/your institution should have access to, please log in through your library system or with your personal username and password.

If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/extracts and download selected front and end matter. 

Institutions can purchase access to individual titles; please contact for pricing options.


If you have an access token for this content, you can redeem this via the link below:

Redeem token

Time was encoded in the equation of power that regulated and maintained the flow of African workers entering and exiting the colony. Far from being ignorant of computing exact periods of time, African workers demonstrated that they could be just as resentful of delays in wages being paid on time as their white employers were of 'African time'. Transposed to the colonies, however, the ritual carried added cultural weight, seeking totally to reshape African time-consciousness. And this was precisely the intent of statesmen such as Grey and of missionaries such as James Stewart, who clearly possessed a strong desire to reorient the cultural axis of Africa through the medium of education. Situated near the town of Alice, the Lovedale Institution was the most successful of the Cape's educational establishments.

The colonisation of time

Ritual, routine and resistance in the British Empire


All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 161 39 2
Full Text Views 34 12 0
PDF Downloads 11 6 2